写在前面

我一直认为背单词是件痛苦的事,也很少去背过单词,所以现在词汇量极为贫乏。正巧我昨年在图书馆得到了一位刚考完研的学长的真传:《 恋练有词 》,那么用好这本绿宝书,现在开始也不晚。

先按照辞书背一遍,并记下笔记

work

单词意思
  1. 名词 :职业;工作;产品;著作;
  2. 动词 :工作;有效、起作用;
短语和例句
  1. work placement 实习工作
  2. work skills 工作技能
  3. work against 竭力反对
  4. work on 致力于
  5. work out 计算出,解决
派生词

workout n.锻炼

It turns out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental workouts can significantly improve our basic congitive funtions.

workplace n.工作场所

workaholic n.工作狂

workstation n.工作台

Claire C. Gordon, senior anthropologist at the Army Rearch Center in Natick, Mass., ensures that 90 percent of the uniforms and workstations fit recruits without alteration.

patchwork n.拼凑物,混杂物

相关词

career n.职业;生涯;经历

labour n.劳动;<mark>劳动力</mark>;努力 || v.劳动、工作

labour cost、child labour

state

单词意思
  1. 名词 :州;国家;政府;状态、情况
  2. 动词 :声明;规定
  3. 形容词 :国有的
短语和例句
  1. head of states 国家元首
  2. a new State Department Buliding 一座新的美国国务院大楼
  3. federal,state and local government 联邦、州和地方政府
  4. a natural state 一种自然状态

  1. The bills are similar to a measure recently adopted in California, which last year become the first state to require gender quotas for private companies.
  2. In many rich countries average wages in the state sector are higher than in the private one.
派生词

stated adj.规定的;声明的

statement n.声明;规定

overstate v.过分夸大

相关词

status n.身份;地位;情况、状况;重要性

  1. legal status 法律地位
  2. immigration status 移民身份
  3. <mark>financial</mark> status 财务状况
  4. Other scientists perform the specialised work of peer review also for free, bacause it’s a central element in acquisition of status and the production of scientific knowledge.

statute n.法令、法规

The White House argued that Arizona’s laws conflicted with its enforcement priorities, even if state laws complied with federal statutes to the letter.

estate n.地产;庄园;住宅;遗产

real estate 不动产->房地产

statistic n.统计学

statistical adj.统计的;统计学的

Most journals are weak in statistical review, and this damage the quality of what they publish.

stationary adj.静止不动的;固定的

change

单词意思
  1. 名词 :变化;零钱
  2. 动词 :改变;更换
短语和例句
  1. climate change
  2. change one’s attitude towards
相关词

exchange n.交换;交易所;交流 || v.交流;交换

cultural exchange 文化交流

Labour is provided free in exchange for the hope of status, while huge profits are made by a few big firms who run the market places.

social

单词意思

形容词 :社会的;社交的;好交际的

短语和例句

social contexts 社会背景

social media 社交媒体

派生词

asocial adj.缺乏社交性的

Meanwhile, the asocial robot simply moved forwards and backwords and side to side.

sociable adj.好交际的、合群的

society n.社会;社团、协会;上流社会

the American Society of News Edition 美国新闻编辑协会

sociologist n.社会学家

public

单词意思
  1. 形容词 公共的;公开的;政府的
  2. 名词 公众、民众;<mark>志趣相投或做一件事的群体</mark>
短语和例句
  1. in pubilc <mark>situations</mark>
  2. public resources 公共资源
  3. public awareness of conservation 公众的环保意识
  4. public health problem
  5. <mark>public officials</mark> 公务员;政府工作人员
  6. travelling public 旅客
派生词

publicly adv.公开地;当众地

publicize v.引起公众的注意->宣传

publication n.出版、发行;发表;出版物

  1. publication process
  2. That’s the reason why we launched Arc, a new publication dedicated to the near future.
  3. Depending on the comment received, the editor would accept the paper for publication or decline it.%}
相关词

republican n.共产主义者 || adj.共和国的;共和党的

<mark>Republican Party</mark>共和党

Republican governor 共和党州长

human

单词意思

名词 :人

形容词 :人类的

短语和例句
  1. human beings 人类
  2. human nature 人性
派生词

nonhuman adj.非人类的

humanity n.<mark>人类;人性;人道;人文学科</mark>

Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things.

humankind n.人类

humane adj.人道的

humanist n.人道主义者

相关词

anthropology n.人类学

anthropologist n.人类学家

take

单词意思

动词 :携带;拿、取;花费;学习、接受

短语和例句

But the regular time it takes to get a doctor degree in the humanities is nine year.

相关词

mistake n.错误 || v.误解

factual mistakes 事实性错误

government

单词意思

名词 :政府;管理;政体

短语和例句
  1. government revenues 政府收入
  2. government transparency 政府透明度
派生词

givernment-funded adj.政府拨款的

govern v.统治、支配;管理

governor n.(殖民地)总督、(美国)州长

governance n.管理方法

Good governance rests on an understanding of the inherent worth of each individual.

相关词

control n.控制;指挥;指挥能力 || v.控制;指挥

  1. take control of 控制
  2. air traffic control 空中交通指挥

curb v.控制、抑制 || n.起抑制作用的事物

Finally, figures close to the France government have murmured, euro-zone member should agree to some fiscal and social harmonization: eg., curbing competition in corporate-tax rate or labour costs.

chancellor n.大臣;总理;首席法官;大学名誉校长

accord

单词意思

名词 :协议;条约

动词 :给予;符合

短语和例句
  1. with one accord 一致地
  2. in accord with 按照,与……一致
  3. of one’s own accord 志愿地,主动地

Since desire and will are damaged by the presence of thoughts that don’t accord with desire, Allen concluded: “We do not attract what we want, but what we are.”

相关词

record n.记录;履历;唱片 || v.记录;录音 || adj.创纪录的

mean

单词意思

动词 :意思是、意味着;打算;

形容词 :刻薄的、吝啬的;低劣的;平均的

名词 :平均值、平均数

短语和例句

<mark>be meant</mark> to do sth 打算做某事

Certainly, intelligence encompasses more than a score on a test. Just what does it mean to be smart?

派生词

meaning n.含义

meaningful adj.有意义的

means <mark>n.方法,手段</mark>

  1. a means of ……的方式
  2. by this mean 借助这种方法
  3. by means of 依靠……
  4. by no means 绝不,一点也不

meantime n.同时 || adv.与此同时

in the meantime 与此同时

meanwhile n.其间 || adv.同时